The 7 Metals of Antiquity

The metals of antiquity are the seven metals which humans had identified and found use for in prehistoric times: goldsilvercoppertinleadiron, and mercury. These seven are the metals from which the modern world was forged; until the discovery of arsenic in the 13th century, these were the only known elemental metals, compared to the 86 known today.

While widely known during antiquity, these metals are by no means common today.

Each of the metals was associated with one of the seven then-known celestial bodies, and one of the seven days of the week.

Metal Body Day of week
Gold Sun Sunday
Silver Moon Monday
Iron Mars Tuesday
Mercury Mercury Wednesday
Tin Jupiter Thursday
Copper Venus Friday
Lead Saturn Saturday